absolute


absolute
absolute [ab′sə lo͞ot΄, ab΄sə lo͞ot′]
adj.
[ME absolut < L absolutus, pp. of absolvere, to loosen from: see ABSOLVE]
1. perfect; complete; whole [absolute silence]
2. not mixed; pure [absolute alcohol]
3. not limited by a constitution, parliament, etc.; unrestricted [an absolute ruler]
4. positive; definite [an absolute certainty]
5. not doubted; actual; real [an absolute truth]
6. not dependent on, or without reference to, anything else; not relative
7. Gram.
a) forming part of a sentence, but not in the usual relations of syntax: in the sentence “The weather being good, they went,” the weather being good is an absolute construction
b) used without an explicit object: said of a verb usually transitive, such as steal in the sentence “Thieves steal.”
c) used alone, with the noun understood: said of a pronoun or an adjective, such as ours and brave in the sentence “Ours are the brave.”
8. Law without condition or encumbrance [absolute ownership]
9. Physics of the absolute temperature scale
n.
something that is absolute
——————
the Absolute
Philos. ultimate reality regarded as uncaused, unmodified, unified and complete, timeless, etc.
absoluteness
n.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • absolute — ab·so·lute adj 1 a: free from qualification, condition, exception, or restriction rights that even seem absolute have these qualifications Long v. Rockwood, 277 U.S. 142 (1927) see also absolute ownership at ownership compare …   Law dictionary

  • Absolute — Ab so*lute, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See {Absolve}.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Absolute — may mean:Philosophy * Absolute (philosophy), a concept in philosophy * Moral absolutes, the belief that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judgedMath and science * Absolute value, in mathematics, the value of a real …   Wikipedia

  • absolute — (adj.) late 14c., unrestricted; complete, perfect; also not relative to something else (mid 15c.), from M.Fr. absolut (14c., O.Fr. asolu, Mod.Fr. absolu), from L. absolutus, pp. of absolvere to set free, make separate (see ABSOLVE (Cf. absolve)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • absolute — 1 *pure, simple, sheer Analogous words: *perfect, whole, entire: *real, true: *abstract, ideal: *consummate, finished Antonyms: mixed, qualified Contrasted words: incomplete (see affirmative adjective at …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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  • absolute — UK US /ˈæbsəluːt/ adjective ► very great or to the largest degree possible: »The board said they had absolute confidence in the CEO, despite the company s difficulties. ► [before noun] used when expressing a strong opinion: »It s an absolute… …   Financial and business terms

  • absolute — ► ADJECTIVE 1) not qualified or diminished in any way; total. 2) having unlimited power: an absolute ruler. 3) not relative or comparative: absolute moral principles. 4) Grammar (of a construction) syntactically independent of the rest of the… …   English terms dictionary